Short Citation:
Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, 2019: Environmental Monitoring of Coral Bleaching and Disease in the Hawaiian Islands: assessment of coral reef communities in Hawaii, Maui, and Oahu of the Main Hawaiian Islands from March 8, 2010 to November 8, 2011 using the Line-point Intercept (LPI) method, https://inport.nmfs.noaa.gov/inport/item/25349.

Item Identification

Title: Environmental Monitoring of Coral Bleaching and Disease in the Hawaiian Islands: assessment of coral reef communities in Hawaii, Maui, and Oahu of the Main Hawaiian Islands from March 8, 2010 to November 8, 2011 using the Line-point Intercept (LPI) method
Short Name: HIDZ: LPI Surveys
Status: Completed
Creation Date: 2017-11-30
Publication Date: 2019-08
Abstract:

This data package contains coral reef community composition data gathered during Line-Point-Intercept (LPI) surveys around the islands of Maui, Hawaii, and Oahu of the main Hawaiian Islands from March 8, 2010 to November 8, 2011 as part of a joint project with the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED) and the State of Hawaii Division of Aquatic Resources (DAR). The line-point-intercept (LPI) method (Hill and Wilkinson 2004) is used to assess the percentage of cover for live corals and other benthic elements.

The surveys were conducted by a SCUBA diver swimming along two pre-selected 25-m transect lines, during which the benthic element falling directly beneath the transect line was recorded at 25- or 50-cm intervals for 100 or 50 total points/observations per transect, respectively. Benthic elements were assigned to one of ten benthic categories: live (scleractinian) corals, octocorals, dead corals, coralline algae, macroalgae, turf algae, cyanophyes, zoanthids, other sessile macro-invertebrates, and sand. Benthic organisms were identified to the lowest taxonomic level possible (corals, macroalgae, and zoanthids to genus or species). Turf algae included pavement, rock, rubble, and turf algae observations.

Purpose:

The field data described herein are part of a joint project between NOAA's National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service, NOAA Fisheries, and the State of Hawaii Division of Aquatic Resources (DAR) aimed at advancing the understanding of the occurrence, abundance, and outbreak of coral bleaching and disease in the Hawaiian Archipelago through expanded field surveys and in-situ and remotely-sensed temperature data. To this end Line-Point-Intercept (LPI), belt-transect surveys of coral population, and diseases quantitative assessments were conducted on Maui, Hawaii, and Oahu in the Main Hawaiian Islands by the NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED) and partners at DAR.

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus Numeric Data Sets > Biology
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Benthic Habitat
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Reef Habitat
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Vegetation > Algae > Algal Cover
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef monitoring and assessment
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Benthos Analysis > Transect Monitoring > Linear Transect (point)
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > In Situ Biological
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef monitoring and assessment > Rapid assessment studies
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral reef ecology
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > Benthic biology
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral reef ecology > Coral cover
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > Hard Coral Cover Dead percentage
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > Hard Coral Cover Live percentage
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > OctoCoral Cover
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Coral Communities
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Marine Invertebrates > Macroinvertebrates
CRCP Project 20315
CRCP Project Environmental Monitoring of Coral Disease and Bleaching in the Hawaiian Islands
ISO 19115 Topic Category 002
ISO 19115 Topic Category biota
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS BENTHIC SPECIES - TAXA COUNTS
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS BENTHIC SPECIES - TAXA IDENTITIES
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS survey - swimmer/diver
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Coral Reef Conservation Program
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS CORAL REEF STUDIES
NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS US DOC; NOAA; NMFS; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center; Ecosystem Sciences Division
None Coral Reef Ecosystem Division
None Coral Reef Ecosystem Program
None CRED
None CREP
None Ecosystem Sciences Division
None ESD
None line-point intercept
None Marine Ecosystem
None Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
None PIFSC
None Reef Assessment and Monitoring

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Hawaii > Hawaii Island (19N155W0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Honolulu > Oahu (21N157W0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaii > Maui > Maui Island (20N156W0004)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > United States of America > Hawaiian Islands (21N157W0027)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands (21N157W0027)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Hawaii Island > Hawaii Island (19N155W0003)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Maui Island > Maui Island (20N156W0004)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > Central Pacific Ocean > Hawaiian Islands > Oahu Island > Oahu (21N157W0003)
NODC Sea Area Names Thesaurus North Pacific Ocean
None Main Hawaiian Islands
None MHI

Physical Location

Organization: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
City: Honolulu
State/Province: HI
Country: USA

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: CSV Files
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Data Presentation Form: Table (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

Raw survey data includes metadata about the surveys (location, date, observer, mission, method) and benthic organism identification and count.

Entity Attribute Detail URL: https://inport.nmfs.noaa.gov/inport/item/47680
Distribution Liability:

While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.

Data Set Credit: PIFSC Coral Reef Ecosystem Division and Hawaii State Department of Aquatic Resources (DAR) Division of Land and Natural Resources (DLNR), with funding from the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program
Instrument (Deprecated): Not applicable
Platform (Deprecated): Not applicable
Physical Collection / Fishing Gear (Deprecated): Not applicable

Support Roles

Data Set Credit

CC ID: 868669
Date Effective From: 2010
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) (CRCP)
Address: 1305 East West Highway 10th Floor
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3281
Phone: (301) 713-3155
URL: http://coralreef.noaa.gov

Data Steward

CC ID: 868670
Date Effective From: 2010
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Vargas-Angel, Bernardo
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: bernardo.vargasangel@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5423

Distributor

CC ID: 868671
Date Effective From: 2019
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD)
Address: NOAA/NESDIS E/OC SSMC3, 4th Floor, 1351 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3282
Phone: (301) 713-3277

Distributor

CC ID: 868676
Date Effective From: 2017
Date Effective To: 2019
Contact (Person): DesRochers, Annette M
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: annette.desrochers@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5461
Business Hours: 8 am - 5 pm

Distributor

CC ID: 868672
Date Effective From: 2010
Date Effective To: 2017
Contact (Person): Kanemura, Troy T
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: troy.kanemura@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5422

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 868673
Date Effective From: 2010
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): DesRochers, Annette M
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: annette.desrochers@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5461
Business Hours: 8 am - 5 pm

Originator

CC ID: 868674
Date Effective From: 2010
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC)
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Phone: 808-725-5300
URL: http://www.pifsc.noaa.gov
Business Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Point of Contact

CC ID: 868675
Date Effective From: 2010
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Vargas-Angel, Bernardo
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: bernardo.vargasangel@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5423

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Description:

Extent of surveys in the Main Hawaiian Islands, including Hawaii, Maui, and Oahu.

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 204906
W° Bound: -157.82596
E° Bound: -155.84877
N° Bound: 21.47695
S° Bound: 19.36916

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 598153
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2010-03-08
End: 2010-05-06
Alternate Start As Of Info: HIDZ1

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 2

CC ID: 598154
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2010-07-06
End: 2010-08-10
Alternate Start As Of Info: HIDZ2

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 3

CC ID: 598155
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2010-09-28
End: 2010-11-11
Alternate Start As Of Info: HIDZ3

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 4

CC ID: 598156
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2011-03-17
End: 2011-04-21
Alternate Start As Of Info: HIDZ4

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 5

CC ID: 598157
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2011-09-06
End: 2011-11-08
Alternate Start As Of Info: HIDZ5

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Security Classification System:

Not applicable

Security Handling Description:

Not applicable

Data Access Policy:

NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) Data Sharing Recommendations, version 9.0 updated August 12, 2015:

CREP welcomes the opportunity to collaborate on research issues contributing to the scientific basis for better management of marine ecosystems. CREP has a very diverse set of field activities that generates large volumes of data using an array of data collection protocols.

The following recommendations are for your consideration as you use this data:

1) Data analyses should take all field exigencies into account. The most effective way to do this would be active collaboration with CREP principal investigators.

2) In all presentations, product releases, or publications using data generated by CREP, proper acknowledgement of both CREP and the individuals responsible for data collection is expected. Citing the DOI (if available) is preferred, a non-DOI example is listed below.

3) If you collect or generate data for the same study areas, CREP requests that you share relevant information on complimentary data collections.

4) Those receiving data are strongly urged to inform the CREP Data Management Team of any errors and discrepancies that are discovered during the course of using these data. They are further urged to bring to the attention of the Team all problems and difficulties encountered in using these data. This information is necessary in order to improve the collections and to facilitate more efficient and economical data processing and retrieval. The users are asked to supply copies of any missing data that may be located, and to provide information as to significant subsets and special aggregations of data that are developed in using the material provided.

Example citation:

"This publication makes use of data products provided by the Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), with funding support from the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP). The analysis and interpretations presented here are solely that of the current authors.”

Data Access Procedure:

Data can be accessed online via the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) Ocean Archive.

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

Please cite NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED) when using the data.

Example:

Coral Reef Ecosystem Division; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (2019). Environmental Monitoring of Coral Bleaching and Disease in the Hawaiian Islands: assessment of coral reef communities in Hawaii, Maui, and Oahu of the Main Hawaiian Islands from March 8, 2010 to November 8, 2011 using the Line-point Intercept (LPI) method. https://inport.nmfs.noaa.gov/inport/item/25349.

Metadata Access Constraints:

None

Metadata Use Constraints:

None

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 204911
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0168913
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2019 - Present)
File Name: V0_BENT_LPI.csv
Description:

Observations from LPI surveys conducted by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Division (CRED) across Hawaii, Maui, and Oahu from 2010 - 2011.

File Date/Time: 2019-08-19 00:00:00
File Type: csv (comma-separated values)

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 204913
URL: https://origin-apps-pifsc.fisheries.noaa.gov/cred/corals.php
Name: Ecological Assessment of Coral
URL Type:
Online Resource
Description:

NOAA Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center website

Technical Environment

Description:

Oracle database: V0_BENT_LPI

Data Quality

Accuracy:

Observations were made by a diver who is an expert in coral biology. The surveys were conducted one time per site per survey visit, with temporal replication within each survey year.

Comparability:

Survey transects were appropriately marked to allow direct, site-level temporal comparisons.

Completeness Report:

Some of the survey sites were co-located with those periodically monitored by the State of Hawaii, Division of Aquatic Resources, Maui office, and were considered to be representative for this type of work. Efforts were made to include broad spatial coverage of the reef area, but weather conditions or other environmental constraints may have precluded some surveys.

There are 8 sites where the latitude and longitude were not captured: MAI-906, MAI-908, MAI-910, MAI-913, MAI-920, MAI-921, OAH-904, and OAH-905

Conceptual Consistency:

The same methods of data collection were used at each of the sites surveyed at this location, and were conducted by the same scientists.

Quality Control Procedures Employed:

Observations are periodically checked during expeditions for consistency. Data entry is usually conducted on the same day as the surveys using a data entry interface with several data controls employed, and are quality controlled by the observer. Following a mission, the data is then run through rigorous quality control checks by the data management team before the data are migrated to the Oracle database. Given the size of the data set, there remains some possibility of typographical or other errors.

Data Management

Have Resources for Management of these Data Been Identified?: Yes
Approximate Percentage of Budget for these Data Devoted to Data Management: Unknown
Do these Data Comply with the Data Access Directive?: Yes
Is Access to the Data Limited Based on an Approved Waiver?: No
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Dissemination: Unknown
Actual or Planned Long-Term Data Archive Location: NCEI-MD
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Archiving: Unknown
How Will the Data Be Protected from Accidental or Malicious Modification or Deletion Prior to Receipt by the Archive?:

NOAA IRC and NOAA Fisheries ITS resources and assets.

Lineage

Lineage Statement:

The line-point intercept survey method to generate coral reef community composition data. Counts are ultimately used to generate benthic cover (%).

Sources

Hill, Josh, and Clive Wilkinson. 2004. “Methods for Ecological Monitoring of Coral Reefs.” Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville. Townsville.

CC ID: 868677
Publish Date: 2004-01-01
Citation URL: https://portals.iucn.org/library/node/8465
Citation URL Name: IUCN Library System
Citation URL Description:

IUCN Library Portal: you can search both IUCN Resolutions and Recommendations, as well as the IUCN Headquarters’ Library catalogue, which includes the digital library of IUCN publications (not all publications have been digitized).

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 204915
Description:

The line-point-intercept (LPI) method (Hill and Wilkinson 2004) is used to assess the percentage of cover for live corals and other benthic elements.

The selection of survey sites was made in close consultation local partners. Factors considered during site selection included: (1) budgetary feasibility; (2) accessibility; (3) replicability; (4) overlap with other local/Federal monitoring efforts; and (5) NOAA-CRCP programmatic site prioritization and the majority of surveys were conducted along the forereef slopes at depths between 1 and 15 m.

During surveys, the diver followed structured protocols that were repeated at each site and identified hard corals, octocorals, macroalgae, crustose coralline algae, turf algae, cyanobacteria, and sessile macroinvertebrates to the highest possible taxonomic resolution. Data were recorded for each benthic element identified (or if it was sand) at 25- or 50-cm intervals (LPI method version C and version D, respectively) along two 25-m transect lines set in a single file row (and separated by a 5-m inter-transect space). These surveys generated 100 or 50 points per transect, respectively, which were used to determine percentage of cover of benthic organisms and sand at each survey site.

Process Contact: Vargas-Angel, Bernardo
Phone (Voice): (808)725-5423
Email Address: bernardo.vargasangel@noaa.gov
Source: Hill, Josh, and Clive Wilkinson. 2004. “Methods for Ecological Monitoring of Coral Reefs.” Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville. Townsville.

Acquisition Information

Instruments

Instrument Unavailable Reason: Not Applicable

Platforms

Platform Unavailable Reason: Not Applicable

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Type Title
Entity (ENT) View: V0_BENT_LPI

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 25349
Metadata Record Created By: Annette M DesRochers
Metadata Record Created: 2015-06-13 14:09+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: Annette M DesRochers
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2019-08-20 15:36+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2017-12-14
Owner Org: PIFSC
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2018-12-15