Short Citation:
National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, 2020: National Status and Trends: Bioeffects Program - Magnitude and Extent of Sediment Toxicity in Four Bays of the Florida Panhandle: Pensacola, Choctawhatchee, St. Andrew and Apalachicola, https://inport.nmfs.noaa.gov/inport/item/38733.

Item Identification

Title: National Status and Trends: Bioeffects Program - Magnitude and Extent of Sediment Toxicity in Four Bays of the Florida Panhandle: Pensacola, Choctawhatchee, St. Andrew and Apalachicola
Short Name: APB_metadata
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2007-10
Abstract:

The toxicity of sediments in Pensacola, Choctawhatchee, St. Andrew and Apalachicola Bays was determined as part of bioeffects assessments performed by NOAA's National Status and Trends Program. The objectives of the survey were to determine: (1) the spatial patterns in toxicity throughout each bay, (2) the spatial extent of toxicity throughout and among the bays, (3) the severity or degree of toxicity, and (4) the relationships between chemical contamination and toxicity. The survey was conducted over two years: Pensacola Bay and St. Andrew Bay were sampled in 1993; and Choctawhatchee Bay, Apalachicola Bay and Bayou Chico (a sub-basin of Pensacola Bay) were sampled during 1994. Surficial sediment samples were collected from 123 randomly-chosen locations throughout the five areas. Multiple toxicity tests were conducted on all samples, and chemical analyses were performed on 102 of the 123 samples. Toxicological tests were conducted to determine survival, reproductive success, morphological development, metabolic activity, and genotoxicity; all bays showed toxicity in at least some of the samples. Toxicity was most severe in Bayou Chico, an industrialized basin adjoining Pensacola Bay. Other developed bayous adjoining Pensacola Bay and the other bays also showed relatively severe toxicity. The main basins of the bays generally showed lower toxicity than the adjoining bayous. The different toxicity tests, however, indicated differences in severity, incidence, spatial patterns, and spatial extent in toxicity. The most sensitive test, a bioassay of metabolic activity of bioluminescent bacteria, indicated toxicity was pervasive throughout the entire study area. The least sensitive test, an acute bioassay performed with a benthic amphipod, indicated toxicity was restricted to a very small portion of the area. Causes of toxicity were not determined in the survey. However, mixtures of potentially toxic substances, including pesticides, petroleum constituents, trace metals, and ammonia, were associated statistically with the measures of toxicity. The concentrations of many substances were highest in Bayou Chico, where the most severe toxicity was observed. At these toxic sites, some of the substances had considerably elevated concentrations, often exceeding numerical guidelines or known toxicity thresholds. The relationships between toxicity and chemical concentrations differed among the bays and toxicity tests.

Purpose:

Specific objectives of the study were to: (1) Determine the presence and severity of toxic responses;(2) Estimate the spatial extent of toxicity;(3) Identify spatial patterns of toxicity in each system; (4) Characterize the relationships between toxicity and the concentrations of potential toxicants in the sediments.The dataset objective is to report information about chemical residues in sediment and sediment toxicity characteristics of the system.

Notes:

976

Other Citation Details:

Magnitude and Extent of Sediment Toxicity in Four Bays of the Florida Panhandle: Pensacola, Choctawhatchee, St. Andrew and Apalachicola. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS ORCA 117. October 1997. Silver Spring, Maryland.

Supplemental Information:

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATORS Ed Long (retired), NOAA Ocean Service, National Status and Trends Program SAMPLE COLLECTION INVESTIGATORS Ed Long (retired), NOAA Ocean Service, National Status and Trends Program SAMPLE PROCESSING FACILITIES - Organic and inorganic chemicals in sediment: (1) - 1993 - Skidaway Institute of Oceanography, Savannah, Georgia.(2) - 1994 - Battelle Ocean Sciences National Marine Fisheries Service, Southeast Fisheries Science Center in Charleston, SC.SAMPLE PROCESSING FACILITIES - Toxicity assays:(1) Microtox and Mutatox Assay - ABC Laboratories, Inc., Columbia, MO;(2) Sea Urchin Fertilization Assay - US Geological Survey, Marine Ecotoxicology Research Station, Corpus Christi, TX;(3) Sea Urchin Embryological Development Assay - US Geological Survey, Marine Ecotoxicology Research Station, Corpus Christi, TX;(4) Amphipod Survival Assay - 1993 - US Geological Survey, Marine Ecotoxicology Research Station, Corpus Christi, TX;(5) Amphipod Survival Assay - 1994 - Science Applications International Corporation, Narragansett, RI

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
ISO 19115 Topic Category biota
ISO 19115 Topic Category environment
ISO 19115 Topic Category oceans
NOS Data Explorer Topic Category Environmental Monitoring
None amphipod
None analytes
None bioassay
None butyltins
None chemical
None chemical
None contaminants
None date
None estuary
None inorganic
None latitude
None location
None longitude
None Microtox
None Mutatox
None national status and trends
None NCCOS Research Data Type > Field Observation
None NCCOS Research Priority > Long-term Monitoring
None NCCOS Research Priority > Stressors, Impacts, Mitigation, and Restoration (SIMR)
None NCCOS Research Topic > Bioeffects/Toxicity
None NCCOS Research Topic > Chemical Contaminants
None NCCOS Research Topic > Monitoring
None nsandt
None organic
None organochlorines
None PAH
None parameter
None PCB
None pesticides
None polychlorinated biphenyls
None polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons
None region
None sediment
None sediment
None Site
None state
None station
None toxicity

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
None Apalachicola Bay
None Choctawhatchee Bay
None Gulf Coast
None NCCOS Research Location > Geographic Area > Coastal Ocean
None NCCOS Research Location > Region > Gulf of Mexico
None NCCOS Research Location > U.S. States and Territories > Florida
None Pensacola Bay
None St. Andrew Bay

Physical Location

Organization: National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science
City: Silver Spring
State/Province: MD

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Entity Attribute Overview:

The dataset is composed of two relational files listed below. The "SITES" data file reports the location coordinates. The geographical information provided for a sampling site (the estuary stratum and site) is useful when interpreting the results of other data files. The "INDICATOR" data file reports parameter results for chemical and toxicity assays. Description of data parameters see report http://ccma.nos.noaa.gov/about/coast/nsandt/download.aspx

Entity Attribute Detail Citation:

NOAA, National Status and Trends Program

Distribution Liability:

These data were prepared by an agency of the United States Government. Neither the United States Government nor any agency thereof, nor any of their employees, make any warranty, expressed or implied, or assumes any legal liability or responsibility for the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed in this report, or represents that its use would not infringe privately owned rights. Reference therein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States Government or any agency thereof. Any views and opinions of authors expressed herein do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government or any agency thereof. Although all data have been used by NOAA, no warranty, expressed or implied, is made by NOAA as to the accuracy of the data and/or related materials. The act of distribution shall not constitute any such warranty, and no responsibility is assumed by NOAA in the use of these data or related materials.

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 439522
Date Effective From: 2007-10
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): NCCOS Scientific Data Coordinator
Email Address: NCCOS.data@noaa.gov

Distributor

CC ID: 439524
Date Effective From: 2007-10
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): NCCOS Scientific Data Coordinator
Email Address: NCCOS.data@noaa.gov

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 439525
Date Effective From: 2007-10
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): NCCOS Scientific Data Coordinator
Email Address: NCCOS.data@noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 439523
Date Effective From: 2007-10
Date Effective To:
Contact (Position): NCCOS Scientific Data Coordinator
Email Address: NCCOS.data@noaa.gov

Principal Investigator

CC ID: 439526
Date Effective From: 2007-10
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Piniak, Greg
Email Address: greg.piniak@noaa.gov

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 439529
W° Bound: -86.59117
E° Bound: -84.89967
N° Bound: 30.47383
S° Bound: 29.6135

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 439528
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 1993
End: 1994

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

NOAA requests that all individuals who download NOAA data acknowledge the source of these data in any reports, papers, or presentations. If you publish these data, please include a statement similar to: "Some or all of the data described in this article were produced by the NOAA's Ocean Service through its National Status and Trends Program (NSandT)".

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 439531
Download URL: https://products.coastalscience.noaa.gov/collections/ltmonitoring/nsandt/default.aspx
Description:

Live Data and Maps

File Type: ASCII

Distribution 2

CC ID: 439530
Download URL: https://products.coastalscience.noaa.gov/collections/ltmonitoring/nsandt/default.aspx
Description:

Live Data and Maps

File Type: XML

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 439520
URL: https://coastalscience.noaa.gov/projects/detail?key=237
URL Type:
Online Resource

Activity Log

Activity Log 1

CC ID: 439583
Activity Date/Time: 2016-11-16
Description:

Date that the source FGDC record was last modified.

Activity Log 2

CC ID: 439582
Activity Date/Time: 2017-04-05
Description:

Converted from Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata (version FGDC-STD-001-1998) using 'fgdc_to_inport_xml.pl' script. Contact Tyler Christensen (NOS) for details.

Data Quality

Accuracy:

Sampling sites were located with a global position system (Trimble NavGraphic XL GPS) and a compensated LORAN C unit. Both units were calibrated and their accuracy verified each morning at a channel marker within the study area.Organic and Inorganic Contaminants - Analytical methods followed performance-based analytical protocols and employed quality-assurance steps of the National Status and Trends Program (NSandT) (Lauenstein and Cantillo, 1993). Available online: http://ccma.nos.noaa.gov/about/coast/nsandt/download.aspx

Completeness Report:

Data are believed to be complete

Conceptual Consistency:

All chemical contaminant values have been rounded to three significant digits. To accommodate the wide range of values, all concentration values have been formatted to the thousandth unit (0.001). The method detection limits (MDLs) within compound classes are listed in appendix B of the report http://ccma.nos.noaa.gov/about/coast/nsandt/download.aspx)

Lineage

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 439518
Description:

Sediment sampling procedures are described in the report, which can be found at:http://ccma.nos.noaa.gov/about/coast/nsandt/download.aspx Data preparation and sampling processing procedures are described in the report, which can be found at:http://ccma.nos.noaa.gov/about/coast/nsandt/download.aspx Descriptions of data manipulations can be found in the report at:http://ccma.nos.noaa.gov/about/coast/nsandt/download.aspx

Process Date/Time: 1994-01-01 00:00:00

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 38733
Metadata Record Created By: Tyler Christensen
Metadata Record Created: 2017-04-05 12:48+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2019-06-04 13:14+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2017-04-17
Owner Org: NCCOS
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2018-04-18