Short Citation:
Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, 2019: Benthic images collected at coral reef sites in Batangas, Philippines in 2012 and 2015, https://inport.nmfs.noaa.gov/inport/item/45820.

Item Identification

Title: Benthic images collected at coral reef sites in Batangas, Philippines in 2012 and 2015
Short Name: Philippines: Benthic Images
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2017
Abstract:

Photographs of the seafloor were collected during benthic photo-quadrat surveys conducted by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) in 2012 and 2015 along transects at fixed climate survey sites located on hard bottom shallow water (< 15 m) habitats in the Philippines. Climate sites were established by CREP to assess multiple features of the coral reef environment (in addition to the data described herein) over time. The photographs can be accessed online via the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) Ocean Archive. The imagery from 2015 has been quantitatively analyzed using image analysis software to derive an estimate of percent benthic cover (archived separately).

Purpose:

The Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) at NOAA Fisheries is conducting in-situ climate monitoring across the U.S. Pacific Islands Region. Climate monitoring provides a comprehensive view of climate change impacts on coral reef ecosystems and helps identify areas of resilience and vulnerability. The key indicators used to identify and monitor climate-driven trends include 1) thermal stress caused by changes in sea temperature, 2) ocean acidification resulting from changes in carbonate chemistry, and 3) ecological impacts by collecting data on coral growth rates and community structure to understand the impacts of thermal stress and ocean acidification on the ecosystem.

This particular dataset for the Philippines is part of a 3-year project ("Climate, Biodiversity and Fisheries in the Coral Triangle: Embracing the E in Ecosystem Approaches to Fisheries Management") implemented by CREP. This project was funded by NOAA's Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) and the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) Regional Development Mission Asia (RDMA) as part of the U.S. Coral Triangle Initiative, with additional support from the Coral Triangle Support Partnership and USAID Philippines.

The goal of the project was to build on CREP's expertise to provide tools and information about climate change, ocean acidification, and their impacts on biodiversity and fisheries that could inform and be incorporated into an Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management (EAFM) for the Philippines. CREP worked with local governments, communities, and NGOs to build science capacity by establishing robust observing capabilities and providing hands-on training to initiate collection of climate science information for the Verde Island Passage in the Philippines that can be used toward adaptive EAFM.

Supplemental Information:

The NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) traveled to the Verde Island Passage region of the Philippines in 2012 to deploy moored oceanographic (subsurface temperature recorders [STRs]) and ecological (calcification accretion units [CAUs] and autonomous reef monitoring structures [ARMS]) instrumentation, to collect surface and bottom water samples, and to conduct benthic photo-quadrat surveys, which included the collection of benthic images; in 2013 to collect additional water samples; and again in 2015 to recover the instrumentation and to collect another round of water samples and benthic images. All activities were conducted by SCUBA divers at five locations in the municipalities of Mabini and Tingloy, including Batong Buhay, Koala Reserve Area, Arthur's Reef, Twin Rocks, and Batalang Bato. At each of the five locations, a shallow and deep survey site was established for a total of 10 survey sites.

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
CoRIS Discovery Thesaurus Visual Images > Habitats
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Benthic Habitat
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Aquatic Habitat > Reef Habitat
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > Baseline studies
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Biosphere > Zoology > Corals > Reef Monitoring and Assessment > In Situ Biological
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral Reef Ecology > Benthic biology
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Coastal Processes > Coral Reefs > Coral reef ecology > Coral cover
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Coral
CoRIS Theme Thesaurus EARTH SCIENCE > Oceans > Marine Biology > Coral Communities
CRCP Project 483
CRCP Project Climate, Biodiversity and Fisheries in the Coral Triangle: Embracing the E in Ecosystem Approaches to Fisheries Management
ISO 19115 Topic Category 002
ISO 19115 Topic Category Biota
NODC DATA TYPES THESAURUS PHOTOQUADRAT IMAGES
NODC OBSERVATION TYPES THESAURUS imagery
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Coral Reef Conservation Program
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS CORAL REEF STUDIES
NODC PROJECT NAMES THESAURUS Coral Triangle Initiative
NODC SUBMITTING INSTITUTION NAMES THESAURUS US DOC; NOAA; NMFS; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center; Ecosystem Sciences Division; Coral Reef Ecosystem Program
None Coral Reef Ecosystem Division
None Coral Reef Ecosystem Program
None CRED
None CREP
None Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
None PIFSC
None United States Agency for International Development
None USAID

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Philippines > Batangas > Arthur's Rock (13N120E0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Philippines > Batangas > Mabini (13N120E0032)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Philippines > Batangas > Tingloy (13N120E0009)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus COUNTRY/TERRITORY > Philippines > Batangas > Twin Rocks Sanctuary (13N120E0005)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > South China Sea > Balayan Bay > Arthur's Rock (13N120E0002)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > South China Sea > Balayan Bay > Mabini (13N120E0032)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > South China Sea > Balayan Bay > Twin Rocks Sanctuary (13N120E0005)
CoRIS Place Thesaurus OCEAN BASIN > Pacific Ocean > South China Sea > Maricaban Island > Tingloy (13N120E0009)
NODC Sea Area Names Thesaurus NW Pacific (limit-180)
None Arthur's Reef
None Batalang Bato
None Batong Buhay
None Koala Reserve Area
None Philippines
None Twin Rocks
None Verde Island Passage

Physical Location

Organization: Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center
City: Honolulu
State/Province: HI
Country: USA

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Data Set Type: JPG Files
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Data Presentation Form: Image (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

Raw data include approximately 30 benthic photographs per survey site. Included in the archive package is a list of survey sites, including site id, location (latitude/longitude), and survey date, where photoquads were collected. The file naming convention for each photo/image is [SITE]_[YEAR]_[TRANSECT]_[PHOTO_NUMBER].JPG (for example: KOA-02_2015_A_01.JPG).

Distribution Liability:

While every effort has been made to ensure that these data are accurate and reliable within the limits of the current state of the art, NOAA cannot assume liability for any damages caused by errors or omissions in the data, nor as a result of the failure of the data to function on a particular system. NOAA makes no warranty, expressed or implied, nor does the fact of distribution constitute such a warranty.

Data Set Credit: PIFSC Coral Reef Ecosystem Program and funded by the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program and the United States Agency for International Development
Instrument (Deprecated): Digital camera
Platform (Deprecated): Not applicable
Physical Collection / Fishing Gear (Deprecated): Not applicable

Support Roles

Data Steward

CC ID: 565630
Date Effective From: 2012
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Vargas-Angel, Bernardo
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: bernardo.vargasangel@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5423
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

Distributor

CC ID: 565632
Date Effective From: 2017
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD)
Address: NOAA/NESDIS E/OC SSMC3, 4th Floor, 1351 East-West Highway
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3282
Phone: (301) 713-3277

Distributor

CC ID: 565627
Date Effective From: 2012
Date Effective To: 2017
Contact (Person): Kanemura, Troy T
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: troy.kanemura@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5422
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 565626
Date Effective From: 2012
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): DesRochers, Annette M
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: annette.desrochers@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5461
Business Hours: 8 am - 5 pm
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

Originator

CC ID: 565628
Date Effective From: 2012
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC)
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Phone: 808-725-5300
URL: http://www.pifsc.noaa.gov
Business Hours: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Originator

CC ID: 565631
Date Effective From: 2012
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) (CRCP)
Address: 1305 East West Highway 10th Floor
Silver Spring, MD 20910-3281
Phone: (301) 713-3155
URL: http://coralreef.noaa.gov

Point of Contact

CC ID: 565629
Date Effective From: 2012
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Vargas-Angel, Bernardo
Address: 1845 Wasp Blvd.
Honolulu, HI 96818
USA
Email Address: bernardo.vargasangel@noaa.gov
Phone: (808)725-5423
Contact Instructions:

Email preferred

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Description:

Mabini and Tingloy in Batangas, Philippines

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 566697
W° Bound: 120.87
E° Bound: 120.9
N° Bound: 13.728054
S° Bound: 13.658594
Description

Five survey locations in the municipalities of Mabini and Tingloy in Batangas, Philippines (near the Verde Island Passage), including Batong Buhay, Koala Reserve Area, Arthur's Reef, Twin Rocks, and Batalang Bato.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 566698
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2015-05-22
End: 2015-05-30
Alternate Start As Of Info: MP1507
Description:

Time frame of benthic images collected during final mission to recover instrumentation.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 2

CC ID: 566699
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2012-03-13
End: 2012-03-14
Alternate Start As Of Info: SBP1201
Description:

Time frame of benthic images collected during initial mission to deploy instrumentation.

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Security Classification System:

Not applicable

Security Handling Description:

Not applicable

Data Access Policy:

NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) Data Sharing Recommendations, version 9.0 updated August 12, 2015:

CREP welcomes the opportunity to collaborate on research issues contributing to the scientific basis for better management of marine ecosystems. CREP has a very diverse set of field activities that generates large volumes of data using an array of data collection protocols.

The following recommendations are for your consideration as you use this data:

1) Data analyses should take all field exigencies into account. The most effective way to do this would be active collaboration with CREP principal investigators.

2) In all presentations, product releases, or publications using data generated by CREP, proper acknowledgement of both CREP and the individuals responsible for data collection is expected. Citing the DOI (if available) is preferred, a non-DOI example is listed below.

3) If you collect or generate data for the same study areas, CREP requests that you share relevant information on complimentary data collections.

4) Those receiving data are strongly urged to inform the CREP Data Management Team of any errors and discrepancies that are discovered during the course of using these data. They are further urged to bring to the attention of the Team all problems and difficulties encountered in using these data. This information is necessary in order to improve the collections and to facilitate more efficient and economical data processing and retrieval. The users are asked to supply copies of any missing data that may be located, and to provide information as to significant subsets and special aggregations of data that are developed in using the material provided.

Example citation:

"This publication makes use of data products provided by the Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP), Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC), National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), with funding support from the NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) and the United States Agency for International Development. The analysis and interpretations presented here are solely that of the current authors.”

Data Access Procedure:

Data can be accessed online via the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI) Ocean Archive.

Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

Please cite NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) when using the data.

Suggested citation:

Coral Reef Ecosystem Program; Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (2017). Benthic images collected at coral reef sites in Batangas, Philippines in 2012 and 2015. NOAA's National Center for Environmental Information, https://inport.nmfs.noaa.gov/inport/item/45820

Metadata Access Constraints:

None

Metadata Use Constraints:

None

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 567038
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0162830
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2017 - Present)
File Name: Site_Info_Philippines_2012.csv
Description:

The list of survey sites, including site id, location (latitude/longitude), and survey date, where photoquads were collected in the Philippines in 2012.

File Date/Time: 2017-05-01 00:00:00
File Type: .csv

Distribution 2

CC ID: 567039
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0162830
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2017 - Present)
File Name: Site_Info_Philippines_2015.csv
Description:

The list of survey sites, including site id, location (latitude/longitude), and survey date, where photoquads were collected in the Philippines in 2015.

File Date/Time: 2017-05-01 00:00:00
File Type: .csv

Distribution 3

CC ID: 565633
Start Date: 2015-05-23
End Date: 2015-06-03
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0162830
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2017 - Present)
File Name: Climate Images Philippines 2015
Description:

Photoquadrat benthic photographs (*.jpg) collected by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) at climate survey sites in the Philippines in 2015.

File Type: JPEG

Distribution 4

CC ID: 567036
Start Date: 2012-03-12
End Date: 2012-03-16
Download URL: http://accession.nodc.noaa.gov/0162830
Distributor: National Centers for Environmental Information - Silver Spring, Maryland (NCEI-MD) (2017 - Present)
File Name: Climate Images Philippines 2012
Description:

Photoquadrat benthic photographs (*.jpg) collected by the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program (CREP) at climate survey sites in the Philippines in 2012.

File Type: JPEG

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 565634
URL: https://www.pifsc.noaa.gov/cred/corals.php
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: PHP
Description:

Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center, Coral Reef Ecosystem Program official website, Ecological Assessment of Coral web page.

URL 2

CC ID: 565635
URL: https://pifscblog.wordpress.com/2013/03/06/verde-island-passage/
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: HTML
Description:

NOAA PIFSC Coral Reef Ecosystem Program blog post from the 2013 mission to the Philippines.

URL 3

CC ID: 566723
URL: https://www.pifsc.noaa.gov/cred/coral_triangle_initiative.php
URL Type:
Online Resource
File Resource Format: PHP
Description:

Information about the NOAA Coral Reef Ecosystem Program's activities in the Coral Triangle.

Technical Environment

Description:

PIFSC network/file system:

2012: \\picmakai\general\Cruise\CruiseData\CTI_VIP_SBP1201\OPTICAL\REA\CLIMATE\

2015: \\picmakai\general\Cruise\CruiseData\CTI_VIP_MP1507\OPTICAL\REA\CLIMATE\

Data Quality

Accuracy:

Handheld GPS units were used to mark site locations.

Comparability:

Survey transects were appropriately marked to allow direct, site-level temporal comparisons.

Completeness Measure:

Complete; photoquads were taken at all sites surveyed.

Completeness Report:

Only sites classified as climate stations / permanent sites were surveyed.

Conceptual Consistency:

Survey methods were consistent across all sites.

Quality Control Procedures Employed:

Benthic images and the file structure are quality controlled by CREP personnel before they are migrated and integrated into CREP's master optical directory on the PIFSC network.

Data Management

Have Resources for Management of these Data Been Identified?: Yes
Approximate Percentage of Budget for these Data Devoted to Data Management: Unknown
Do these Data Comply with the Data Access Directive?: Yes
Is Access to the Data Limited Based on an Approved Waiver?: No
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Dissemination: Unknown
Actual or Planned Long-Term Data Archive Location: NCEI-MD
Approximate Delay Between Data Collection and Archiving: Unknown
How Will the Data Be Protected from Accidental or Malicious Modification or Deletion Prior to Receipt by the Archive?:

NOAA IRC and NOAA Fisheries ITS resources and assets.

Lineage

Lineage Statement:

Benthic photographs were collected for climate survey sites at pre-defined points along the transect. The photos are collected for the purpose of deriving benthic cover percentages using image analysis software, though, not all photo sets are analyzed. In the case where photographs were collected during both the initial deployment and final recovery missions, typically only the most recent set of photographs are analyzed for benthic cover.

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 565639
Description:

Climate sites were selected at five locations on hard bottom reef habitat areas, and a mid-depth (6-18 m) and shallow (0-6 m) site was established at each location. At the survey site, a 10-m transect is run from the reference stake parallel to shore. At the 10-m mark of the transect tape, a second 5-m transect is deployed perpendicular and down-slope. This gives a total of a 15-m transect and forms 2 of the boundary sides of the climate survey site. Bearings of each transect are recorded. Along the 15-m transect tape, two images are taken per meter, for a total of 30 images per site.

Process Step 2

CC ID: 567037
Description:

Photos are color-corrected (if necessary) prior to analysis. The data management team also uses a optical validation script to rename photos and enforce several validation checks.

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 45820
Metadata Record Created By: Annette M DesRochers
Metadata Record Created: 2017-04-22 00:55+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: SysAdmin InPortAdmin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2019-06-04 13:14+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2017-06-09
Owner Org: PIFSC
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2018-06-10