Short Citation:
Office for Coastal Management, 2019: End-User Derived Research to Improve the Effectiveness, Sustainability, and Prevalence of Coastal Restoration Projects - NERRS/NSC(NERRS Science Collaborative), https://inport.nmfs.noaa.gov/inport/item/47706.

Item Identification

Title: End-User Derived Research to Improve the Effectiveness, Sustainability, and Prevalence of Coastal Restoration Projects - NERRS/NSC(NERRS Science Collaborative)
Short Name: End-User Derived Research to Improve the Effectiveness, Sustainability, and Prevalence of Coastal Restoration Projects - NERRS/NSC(NERRS Science Collaborative)
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2019-03-01
Abstract:

To restore the ecosystem services lost through coastal habitat degradation, restoration projects have been conducted but most lack monitoring or evaluations. Limited monitoring and evaluation prevents comparisons across designs to determine which are the most functional sustainable, and cost-effective. Additionally, information about the advantages of and how to perform restoration projects is currently limited. Limited comparisons across restoration designs and the sparse information on how to conduct restoration projects significantly hinders the implementation of projects. This project team engaged researchers, environmental managers, stakeholders, and end-users to address some of these issues. The team quantified the functionality, sustainability, and cost-effectiveness of several coastal restoration designs at the Weeks Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve. The designs compared plots planted with nursery grown plugs with plots comprised of standing natural marsh both with and without offshore breakwaters. The study found that offshore breakwaters enhanced natural plant growth, but not nursery grown plants. However, it is possible that this effect is time dependent as the positive effect on natural plant growth was seen beginning six years after breakwater installation while the nursery plants had only been planted two and a half years ago. Information gained from this research and the regulatory knowledge of the collaborative team have been combined with pre-existing literature to create user friendly outreach materials and workshop for consultants, landscapers, and marine contractors. This research and outreach will improve the effectiveness and ease of implementation of coastal restoration projects.

Purpose:

Coastal habitats have been heavily degraded over the course of human history, with major declines seen in oyster reefs and coastal wetlands. Coastal restoration efforts are critical to restoring these habitats, but projects are often carried out with little to no monitoring and evaluation of success. Without monitoring and evaluation, it is difficult to make comparisons across restoration designs to determine which are most functional, sustainable, and cost-effective. This reality, in combination with limited "best practices" resources for coastal restoration, significantly hinders project implementation.

Notes:

Loaded by FGDC Metadata Uploader, batch 10160, 10-31-2017 15:34

Supplemental Information:

Eric Sparks

Mississippi State University and Mississippi-Alabama Sea Grant Consortium

eric.sparks@msstate.edu

(228) 546-1025

Partners:

Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources

Dauphin Island Sea Lab

Mobile Bay National Estuary Program

The Nature Conservancy

University of South Alabama

Weeks Bay NERR, AL

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science and Services Keywords EARTH SCIENCE > BIOSPHERE > AQUATIC ECOSYSTEMS > COASTAL HABITAT
NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science and Services Keywords EARTH SCIENCE > CLIMATE INDICATORS > ATMOSPHERIC/OCEAN INDICATORS > SEA LEVEL RISE > INUNDATION
NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science and Services Keywords EARTH SCIENCE > HUMAN DIMENSIONS > ENVIRONMENTAL GOVERNANCE/MANAGEMENT
NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science and Services Keywords EARTH SCIENCE > LAND SURFACE > LANDSCAPE > RECLAMATION/REVEGETATION/RESTORATION
NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science and Services Keywords EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > MARSHES
NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science and Services Keywords EARTH SCIENCE > OCEANS > COASTAL PROCESSES > SHORELINES
NASA Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science and Services Keywords EARTH SCIENCE SERVICES > EDUCATION/OUTREACH

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
None Florida
None Mississippi
None Weeks Bay NERR, AL

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Distribution Liability:

The distributor does not assume liability.

Support Roles

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 596240
Date Effective From: 2017-10-31
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Cothran, Jeremy
Email Address: jeremy.cothran@gmail.com

Originator

CC ID: 598490
Date Effective From: 2016-01
Date Effective To: 2019-03
Contact (Person): Sparks, Eric
Email Address: eric.sparks@msstate.edu

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 596239
W° Bound: -87.83
E° Bound: -87.82
N° Bound: 30.42
S° Bound: 30.41

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 596238
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2016-01-01
End: 2019-03-01

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

Cite this dataset when used as a source: NOAA retains the right to analyze, synthesize and publish summaries of the NERRS/NSC data. The NERRS/NSC retains the right to be fully credited for having collected and process the data. Following academic courtesy standards, the NERR site where the data were collected should be contacted and fully acknowledged in any subsequent publications in which any part of the data are used. The data enclosed within this package/transmission are only as accurate as the quality assurance and quality control procedures that are described in the associated metadata reporting statement allow. The user bears all responsibility for its subsequent use/misuse in any further analyses or comparisons. The Federal government does not assume liability to the Recipient or third persons, nor will the Federal government reimburse or indemnify the Recipient for its liability due to any losses resulting in any way from the use of this data. Requested citation format: NOAA National Estuarine Research Reserve System (NERRS) Science Collaborative(NSC).

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 598339
URL: http://www.nerrssciencecollaborative.org/project/Sparks15
URL Type:
Online Resource
Description:

This site provides a project overview and links to all associated products, including data.

URL 2

CC ID: 855933
URL: https://ir.library.msstate.edu/handle/11668/14444
URL Type:
Online Resource
Description:

Another access point to the same project data files.

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 47706
Metadata Record Created By: Jeremy Cothran
Metadata Record Created: 2017-10-31 15:34+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: Tyler Christensen
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2019-06-20 08:46+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2019-06-20
Owner Org: OCM
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2020-06-20