Short Citation:
Office for Coastal Management, 2020: Artificial Reefs, https://inport.nmfs.noaa.gov/inport/item/54191.

Item Identification

Title: Artificial Reefs
Status: Completed
Publication Date: 2018-10-31
Abstract:

Artificial reefs provide new or enhanced hard-bottom habitat to areas that may or may not be habitat limited. Artificial habitat provides space that is quickly colonized by sessile organisms and provides new food sources, greater protection of juveniles by providing more space to be used as refuge, and a possible focal point for aggregating adults to spawn. Properly sited, constructed and managed reef sites, particularly multiple-site complexes, can be used to meet a variety of objectives. Traditionally, the majority of artificial reefs in United States coastal marine waters have been sited and built to enhance recreational fishing.

Purpose:

To support ocean planning activities pursuant to the Executive Order Regarding the Ocean Policy to Advance the Economic, Security, and Environmental Interests of the United States, the Energy Policy Act, the National Environmental Policy Act, the Rivers and Harbors Act, and the Coastal Zone Management Act.

Supplemental Information:

Bureau Code: 006:48, Program Code: 006:055

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords Earth Science > Human Dimensions > Environmental Governance/Management
ISO 19115 Topic Category oceans
None coastal
None fish haven
None planning
None renewable energy

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords Continent > North America > United States of America
None Exclusive Economic Zone
None Outer Continental Shelf
None Territorial Sea
None United States of America

Physical Location

City: Charleston
State/Province: SC

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: As Needed
Data Presentation Form: Map (digital)
Entity Attribute Overview:

description, composition, State, reefName, reefID, comments, species, area, date, Depth_ft, Relief_ft, Clearance_ft

Distribution Liability:

https://www.marinecadastre.gov/about/disclaimer.html

Data Set Credit: Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, NOAA Office for Coastal Management

Support Roles

Point of Contact

CC ID: 787669
Date Effective From: 2018-06
Date Effective To:
Contact (Organization): NOAA Office for Coastal Management (NOAA/OCM)
Address: 2234 South Hobson Ave
Charleston, SC 29405-2413
Email Address: coastal.info@noaa.gov
Phone: (843) 740-1202
URL: https://coast.noaa.gov

Extents

Currentness Reference: Publication Date

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 787673
W° Bound: -180
E° Bound: -60
N° Bound: 75
S° Bound: 15

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 787672
Time Frame Type: Discrete
Start: 2018-08-02
Description:

ground condition

Spatial Information

Spatial Representation

Representations Used

Grid: No
Vector: Yes
Text / Table: No
TIN: No
Stereo Model: No
Video: No

Vector Representation 1

CC ID: 900399
Complex Object Present?: No
Composite Object Present?: No
Curve Object Present?: No
Point Object Present?: Yes
Solid Object Present?: No
Surface Object Present?: No

Reference Systems

Reference System 1

CC ID: 900400

Coordinate Reference System

CRS Type: Geographic 2D
EPSG Code: EPSG:4269
EPSG Name: NAD83
See Full Coordinate Reference System Information

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Use Constraints:

For coastal and ocean planning

Distribution Information

Distribution 1

CC ID: 788306
Download URL: https://marinecadastre.gov/data/
File Name: Artificial Reefs

Technical Environment

Description:

Microsoft Windows, ArcGIS Pro

Data Quality

Accuracy:

Untested

Horizontal Positional Accuracy:

Maximum scale of intended use is 1:80,000

Completeness Report:

Untested

Conceptual Consistency:

These data generally adhere to a logical design

Lineage

Sources

2015-16 Delaware Reef Guide

CC ID: 787649
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: State of Delaware Department of Natural Resources
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015-01-01
Citation URL: http://www.dnrec.delaware.gov/fw/Fisheries/Pages/ArtificialReefProgram.aspx

2016 Inshore Reef Coordinates

CC ID: 787636
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: Mississippi Department of Marine Resources
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2016-01-01
Citation URL: http://www.dmr.state.ms.us/joomla16/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=148&Itemid=76

artificial-reefs-polygons-mar2018

CC ID: 787644
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: Texas Parks and Wildlife
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2018-03-01
Citation URL: http://tpwd.texas.gov/gis/

Artificial_Reefs_in_Florida

CC ID: 787646
Contact Role Type: Originator
Contact Type: Organization
Contact Name: Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2017-06-21
Citation URL: http://myfwc.com/conservation/saltwater/artificial-reefs/

HI ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 787640
Contact Name: State of Hawaii, Division of Aquatic Resources
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2014-04-01
Citation URL: http://dlnr.hawaii.gov/dar/fishing/artificial-reefs-and-fads/
Citation URL Name: Source Online Linkage
Citation URL Description:

URL where the source data were originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

This source did not publish an update between 20170920 and 20180731, therefor no data directly from this source were included in this product. It is listed here to facilitate future updates.

LA ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 787653
Contact Name: Louisiana Department of Wildlife and Fisheries
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2013-04-01
Citation URL: http://www.wlf.louisiana.gov/fishing/artificial-reef-program
Citation URL Name: Source Online Linkage
Citation URL Description:

URL where the source data were originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

This source did not publish an update between 20170920 and 20180731, therefor no data directly from this source were included in this product. It is listed here to facilitate future updates.

MA ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 787648
Contact Name: Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management (CZM)
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2014-10-01
Citation URL: http://www.mass.gov/eea/agencies/dfg/dmf/programs-and-projects/artificial-reefs.html
Citation URL Name: Source Online Linkage
Citation URL Description:

URL where the source data were originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

This source did not publish an update between 20170920 and 20180731, therefor no data directly from this source were included in this product. It is listed here to facilitate future updates.

MarineCadastre.gov Artificial Reefs

CC ID: 787654
Contact Name: Department of Commerce (DOC), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), National Ocean Service (NOS), Office for Coastal Management
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2017-09-20
Citation URL: https://marinecadastre.gov/data
Citation URL Name: Source Online Linkage
Citation URL Description:

URL where the source data were originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

Original dataset. This product is an update of this dataset.

Master_AL_Public_Reefs_20180524

CC ID: 787643
Contact Name: Alabama Department of Conservation and Natural Resources
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2018-05-24
Citation URL: http://www.outdooralabama.com/artificial-reefs
Citation URL Name: Source Online Linkage
Citation URL Description:

URL where the source data were originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset.

MD ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 787641
Contact Name: Maryland Department of Natural Resources
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2013-01-01
Citation URL: http://dnr.maryland.gov/fisheries/Pages/reefs/index.aspx
Citation URL Name: Source Online Linkage
Citation URL Description:

URL where the source data were originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

This source did not publish an update between 20170920 and 20180731, therefor no data directly from this source were included in this product. It is listed here to facilitate future updates.

NC ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 787638
Contact Name: North Carolina Division of Marine Fisheries
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2016-01-01
Citation URL: http://portal.ncdenr.org/web/mf/artificial-reefs-program
Citation URL Name: Source Online Linkage
Citation URL Description:

URL where the source data were originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

This source did not publish an update between 20170920 and 20180731, therefor no data directly from this source were included in this product. It is listed here to facilitate future updates.

NJ ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 787647
Contact Name: New Jersey Division of Fish and Wildlife
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2011-05-01
Citation URL: http://www.nj.gov/dep/fgw/refloc00.htm
Citation URL Name: Source Online Linkage
Citation URL Description:

URL where the source data were originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

This source did not publish an update between 20170920 and 20180731, therefor no data directly from this source were included in this product. It is listed here to facilitate future updates.

NY ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 787642
Contact Name: New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2015-01-01
Citation URL: http://www.dec.ny.gov/outdoor/71702.html
Citation URL Name: Source Online Linkage
Citation URL Description:

URL where the source data were originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

This source did not publish an update between 20170920 and 20180731, therefor no data directly from this source were included in this product. It is listed here to facilitate future updates.

offshore-reef-coordinates-052918

CC ID: 787637
Contact Name: Mississippi Department of Marine Resources
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2017-01-01
Citation URL: http://www.dmr.state.ms.us/joomla16/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=53&Itemid=76
Citation URL Name: Source Online Linkage
Citation URL Description:

URL where the source data were originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset.

PR ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 787639
Contact Name: Puerto Rico - HJR Reefscaping
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2014-01-01
Citation URL: http://www.hjrreefscaping.com/web/
Citation URL Name: Source Online Linkage
Citation URL Description:

URL where the source data were originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

Attempts to contact this source for a data update were not successful, therefor no data directly from this source were included in this product. It is listed here to facilitate future updates.

RI ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 787655
Contact Name: Rhode Island Saltwater Anglers Association
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2005-03-01
Citation URL: http://www.risaa.org/reefs.html
Citation URL Name: Source Online Linkage
Citation URL Description:

URL where the source data were originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

This source did not publish an update between 20170920 and 20180731, therefor no data directly from this source were included in this product. It is listed here to facilitate future updates.

Rigs-to-Reef

CC ID: 787645
Contact Name: Mississippi Department of Marine Resources
Citation URL: http://www.dmr.state.ms.us/joomla16/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=148&Itemid=76
Citation URL Name: Source Online Linkage
Citation URL Description:

URL where the source data were originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset.

Rigs2Reefnad83

CC ID: 787657
Contact Name: Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement (BSEE)
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2018-04-02
Citation URL: https://www.bsee.gov/what-we-do/environmental-focuses/rigs-to-reefs
Source Contribution:

Reef location and general information obtained from federal source. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset.

SC ArtReefs2017

CC ID: 787650
Contact Name: South Carolina Department of Natural Resources
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2017-07-28
Citation URL: http://dnr.sc.gov/marine/reef/
Citation URL Name: Source Online Linkage
Citation URL Description:

URL where the source data were originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

Reef location and general information obtained from state data sources. Attribute field names may have changed to accommodate for a single nationwide dataset.

VA ArtificialReefs

CC ID: 787651
Contact Name: Virginia Marine Resources Commission
Extent Type: Discrete
Extent Start Date/Time: 2007-01-01
Citation URL: http://mrc.virginia.gov/vsrfdf/reef.shtm
Citation URL Name: Source Online Linkage
Citation URL Description:

URL where the source data were originally accessed.

Source Contribution:

This source did not publish an update between 20170920 and 20180731, therefor no data directly from this source were included in this product. It is listed here to facilitate future updates.

Process Steps

Process Step 1

CC ID: 787658
Description:

Identify new reef data points: Compare the number of reefs in each source with the number of reefs in the appropriate state in the existing MC.gov layer. If the number of reefs in the source data was greater, the new reefs were identified by comparing individual reefs between the source and the MC.gov datasets. Comparison was based primarily on the date the reef was deployed. If that was unavailable, the comparison was based on reef name and ID number. If that was unavailable, the locations were compared. In the case of Alabama, Mississippi and Delaware, this involved converting the source xls/csv to shapefiles.

Process Date/Time: 2018-07-21 00:00:00

Process Step 2

CC ID: 787659
Description:

Add the new reefs from the non-GIS formatted source data (Mississippi, Alabama, Delaware): An excel file of the new reef locations and attributes was created and imported into Arcmap as a table. The table was then converted to an event layer. Attributes from the source data were crosswalked to conform to the MC.gov layer schema. Finally, the event layer was appended to the MC.gov layer after double checking for duplicates via a topology.

Process Date/Time: 2018-07-22 00:00:00

Process Step 3

CC ID: 787660
Description:

Clearance was calculated for records without a value by subtracting the relief from the depth. This approximate clearance should not be used for navigation as it has not been directly measured or verified.

Process Date/Time: 2018-07-24 00:00:00

Process Step 4

CC ID: 787661
Description:

All layers were projected into world mercator

Process Date/Time: 2018-07-20 00:00:00

Process Step 5

CC ID: 787662
Description:

Add the new reefs from the GIS formatted source data (Florida, South Carolina, Texas, FederalR2R): Source data in polygon format was converted to centroid points. New reef points were copied into an empty feature class for processing and attributes from the source data were crosswalked to conform to the MC.gov layer schema. The new feature class was appended to the MC.gov layer after double checking for duplicates via topology.

Process Date/Time: 2018-07-23 00:00:00

Child Items

Rubric scores updated every 15m

Rubric Score Type Title
Entity (ENT) Artificial Reefs

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 54191
Metadata Record Created By: Anna Verrill
Metadata Record Created: 2018-10-16 17:59+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: Daniel Martin
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2020-04-18 14:15+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2018-10-30
Owner Org: OCM
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2019-10-31