Short Citation:
Office for Coastal Management, 2020: Using Advanced Mapping to Measure Changes in Mangrove and Seagrass Habitat over Time - NERRS/NSC(NERRS Science Collaborative), https://inport.nmfs.noaa.gov/inport/item/54589.

Item Identification

Title: Using Advanced Mapping to Measure Changes in Mangrove and Seagrass Habitat over Time - NERRS/NSC(NERRS Science Collaborative)
Status: Planned
Abstract:

This project evaluated ecosystem damage and recovery by developing a time series of habitat maps for the Rookery Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve. Habitat maps were created based on WorldView-2 and Landsat-8 satellite imagery from 2010-2018 using an automated technique and validated with a field campaign. Landsat images were mapped using the Support Vector Machine machine learning method in ENVI, and WorldView images were mapped using a preliminary version of the SOALCHI decision tree algorithm. Habitats mapped include healthy mangrove, degraded mangrove, marsh, upland vegetation, soil, and water. Habitat change maps document the damage caused by Hurricane Irma in September of 2017 as it made landfall in the reserve as a Category 4 storm. Project outputs include field-survey results with GPS points, a baseline habitat map, annual habitat seasons for 2016-2018, and habitat change assessments. Outcomes include the development of new research collaborations, quantitative characterization of reserve habitat change, improved understanding of critical habitat change dynamics, and assessment of chronic and extreme-event disturbance and recovery.

Purpose:

In recent years, seagrass and mangrove deaths have accelerated in the Rookery Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve and other parts of southern Florida. These losses are a result of chronic stresses from watershed alterations, sea level rise and invasive species, along with acute impacts from hurricanes. Reserve managers seeking to build the resiliency of these habitats need to map the extent of storm-related damage and distinguish it from ongoing chronic degradation. The goal of this project was to identify the location, extent, and severity of damage to terrestrial habitats throughout the reserve. In addition, the team was able to test and refine a new high-resolution, automated mapping technique based on satellite imagery.

Supplemental Information:

Contact information: Matt McCarthy, University of South Florida, Email: mjm8@mail.usf.edu, Phone: 727-553-1186

Maps of reserve habitat types from WorldView and Landsat satellite sensors were created for multiple time periods from 2010 to 2018. Maps of habitat change were also developed. Habitat maps and metadata are available for download from DataOne: https://search.dataone.org/view/10.24431/rw1k43j

Field surveys were conducted to document habitat types and vegetation characteristics at 2,700 discrete points throughout the study area in fall of 2018. These point observations and GPS coordinates were used to develop habitat classifications and then a separate set of points were used to perform an accuracy check of the maps. Field survey data have been archived by the Rookery Bay Reserve and can be requested by contacting: Brita Jessen, Research Coordinator, Rookery Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve, Naples, Florida, Email: Brita.Jessen@dep.state.fl.us, Phone: 239-530-5964

More information and links to other products generated by project are available through the Science Collaborative: www.nerrssciencecollaborative.org/project/MullerKarger18

Keywords

Theme Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Science Keywords Earth Science > Biosphere > Ecosystems > Marine Ecosystems > Estuary
None climate change
None habitat mapping
None habitat restoration
None mangrove
None spatial analysis

Spatial Keywords

Thesaurus Keyword
Global Change Master Directory (GCMD) Location Keywords Continent > North America > United States Of America > Florida
None Rookery Bay NERR, FL

Data Set Information

Data Set Scope Code: Data Set
Maintenance Frequency: None Planned
Distribution Liability:

The distributor does not assume liability.

Support Roles

Metadata Contact

CC ID: 795623
Date Effective From: 2017-10-31
Date Effective To:
Contact (Person): Cothran, Jeremy
Email Address: jeremy.cothran@gmail.com

Originator

CC ID: 795624
Date Effective From: 2018-09
Date Effective To: 2019-08
Contact (Person): Muller-Karger, Frank
Email Address: carib@usf.edu

Extents

Currentness Reference: Ground Condition

Extent Group 1

Extent Group 1 / Geographic Area 1

CC ID: 795621
W° Bound: -81.80203199387
E° Bound: -81.5500330925
N° Bound: 26.095638259
S° Bound: 25.81843574306
Description

Rookery Bay, FL NERR. The focal study area was Rookery Bay Reserve, in southwest Florida, just south of Naples. An adjacent property, the Ten Thousand Island National Wildlife Refuge, was partially included in maps.

Extent Group 1 / Time Frame 1

CC ID: 795620
Time Frame Type: Range
Start: 2018-09-01
End: 2019-11-30

Access Information

Security Class: Unclassified
Data Access Constraints:

None

Data Use Constraints:

Cite this dataset when used as a source: NOAA retains the right to analyze, synthesize and publish summaries of the NERRS/NSC data. The NERRS/NSC retains the right to be fully credited for having collected and process the data. Following academic courtesy standards, the NERR site where the data were collected should be contacted and fully acknowledged in any subsequent publications in which any part of the data are used. The data enclosed within this package/transmission are only as accurate as the quality assurance and quality control procedures that are described in the associated metadata reporting statement allow. The user bears all responsibility for its subsequent use/misuse in any further analyses or comparisons. The Federal government does not assume liability to the Recipient or third persons, nor will the Federal government reimburse or indemnify the Recipient for its liability due to any losses resulting in any way from the use of this data. Requested citation format: NOAA National Estuarine Research Reserve System (NERRS) Science Collaborative(NSC).

URLs

URL 1

CC ID: 795626
URL: http://www.nerrssciencecollaborative.org/project/MullerKarger18
URL Type:
Online Resource
Description:

This site provides a project overview and links to all associated products, including data.

URL 2

CC ID: 903104
URL: https://search.dataone.org/view/10.24431/rw1k43j
Description:

Habitat maps are available for download from DataOne

Data Quality

Quality Control Procedures Employed:

1)Habitat maps of mangrove, marsh, and vegetative change

Habitat maps were evaluated for accuracy using the GPS points and found to be 82% accurate overall, which is above the 80% benchmark for suitability. Degraded mangrove was the least-accurate class (58% accuracy). Preliminary and final maps were sent out or displayed via webinar to end users with local knowledge so that feedback could be received. Where end users identified errors in the maps, the images were remapped iteratively until end users were confident in their identification of habitats.

2)Habitat type field surveys at Rookery Bay

The raw points were quality-controlled by eliminating all points that were within 20 meters of each other to avoid spatial autocorrelation, and were visually evaluated with independent imagery to ensure that the point overlaid correctly with the documented habitat.

Catalog Details

Catalog Item ID: 54589
Metadata Record Created By: Jeremy Cothran
Metadata Record Created: 2018-11-01 11:34+0000
Metadata Record Last Modified By: Tyler Christensen
Metadata Record Last Modified: 2020-04-10 10:30+0000
Metadata Record Published: 2020-04-10
Owner Org: OCM
Metadata Publication Status: Published Externally
Do Not Publish?: N
Metadata Next Review Date: 2021-04-11